Antioch on the Orontes (Greek: Αντιόχεια η επί Ορόντου; Latin: Antiochia ad Orontem) was one of the most important cities of the Graeco-roman period. The ancient city stood on the eastern side of the Orontes River. It is currently partly covered by the modern city of Antakya.
It was founded in the 4th century BC by Seleucus I Nicator. Antioch eventually rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and played a particularly strong role in the late Empire.
Tuesday, May 22, 2012
A Tombstone under the Mosque
Despite its misnomer of a title, this article below contains one of those rare reports of the finding of an inscription in Antioch.
In this case, a correspondent of the Academy reports the discovery of a Roman tombstone within the Mosque of the Carpenter, which was later a site of excavations in the 1930s campaigns. It is interesting that the tombstone should be found here as Romans did not conduct burials within the city walls so the stone must have been brought inside the walls and reemployed in some building work at the mosque or whatever structure preceded it.
"M. Virolleaud m'a également communiqué le texte d'une épitaphe sur plaque de marbre, relevée par M. le commandant Tracol, à Antioche, dans un caveau de la mosquée Habib-el-Najja. Elle est ainsi conçue:"