Saturday, November 8, 2008

The "Big" Temple

One feature of the Island that the Princeton Expedition of the 1930s scarcely looked at, nor mentioned, was the "temple" site. This stood two blocks east of the hippodrome, so was very close to where they were operating. This is visible in aerial photographs from the 1920s and is shown best in the Poccardi article. Below is the map from the Poccardi work showing the temple (at letter 3).

This was a fairly massive temple with a podium measuring 107m by 71m covering two city blocks. It has recently been the subject of testing by the only group that is currently working in the Antioch site. It consists these days of the rubble core of the structure. We have seen no speculation on which god the temple may have been dedicated to.

A collaborator,
JØRGEN CHRISTENSEN-ERNST, visited the site this week and took the following photographs.

This last image shows the top of the podium.

In 2004, a team of archaeologists (Hatice Pamir et al.) with a geomagnetic approach visited the site. There report was as follows: "
The so-called temple, the rubble core podium of which still stands at a height of 5 m, underwent a preliminary documentation. A geomagnetic survey was conducted west of the temple, on the periphery of the adjacent hippodrome, which became part of the tetrarchic palace at Antioch in the late 3rd century. The remains of an opus caementicium wall, which once separated the Basileia from the rest of the city, was provisionally documented and so were most of the monuments registered by the American excavators".

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